The UNODC (the United Nation’s Office on Drugs and Crime) published its annual report on Thursday where they have mentioned some new methods and technologies to cope with the drug trade on the dark net. The report says:
“Law enforcement and the criminal justice system in many countries are still not in a position to deal effectively with the anonymous online marketplace known as the ‘dark net’.”
Since most of the users use Tor and encryption technologies to remain hidden while accessing dark net marketplaces and forums, law enforcement authorities have trouble to identify and locate their IP addresses.
The Europol, similarly to the newly released UN report, is already said in its 2014 report that “law enforcement should build technical capabilities in order to support technical investigations into subjects using Darknets, in accordance with relevant legislation.”
In the US, the Federal Bureau of Investigation uses specific methods to catch dark net users, such as hacking their computers or relying on the research of Department of Defense-funded institutions to obtain their IP addresses.
There are technological and resource-related problems when law enforcement authorities are dealing with dark net vendors and users, however, police often finds itself trapped within legal boundaries. The most